Ateisma: Pabidaan ralatan

4 bita ditambahkan ,  2 tahun yang lalu
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tidak ada ringkasan suntingan
(hapus gambar, krn tdk ada yang namanya "simbol ateis global")
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Tag: perubahan_terbaru
[[Barakas:Ephesians 2,12 - Greek atheos.jpg|jmpl|kiri|Kata Yunani {{lang|grc|αθεοι}} (''atheoi''), nang talihat di [[Surat Paulus lawan Jamaah di Efesus]] di atas papirus abad ka-3]]
 
Di wayah jaman oeh [[Yunani bahari]], kata sipat ''atheos'' (''{{lang|grc|[[:wikt:ἄθεος|ἄθεος]]}}'', baasal matan awalan ἀ- + ''{{lang|grc|[[:wikt:θεός|θεός]]}}'' "tuhan") baarti "kada batuhan". Kata nangini batumat manunjuk lawan manampikakan tuhan nang disinghaja'akan dan batumat aktip wayah abad ka-5 SM, mamakai définisi "mamagat hubungan lawan tuhan/diwa" atawa "manampik tuhan/diwa". Tarjamahan modérn di téks-téks klasik bahanu manarjamahakan {{transl|grc|atheos}} sabagai "atéistik". Sabagai nomina abstrak, ta'ulih jua ''{{lang|grc|[[:wikt:ἀθεότης|ἀθεότης]]}}'' ({{transl|grc|atheotēs}}), nang baarti "atéisma". [[Cicero]] mantransliterasi kata Yunani naitu ka dalam [[bahasa Latin]] ''{{lang|la|[[:wikt:atheos#Latin|atheos]]}}''. Istilah naini rancak diguna'akan wayah bapapandiran antara umat [[Garéja tatambaian|Kerestén awal]] lawan bubuhan umat agama Yunani Kuna (Helenis), nang basasambatan sabagai atéis sacara marandahakan.<ref name=drachmann>{{cite book |last=Drachmann |first=A. B. |title=Atheism in Pagan Antiquity |publisher=Chicago: Ares Publishers |year=1977 ("sabuah citakan ba'asa nang kada ba'ubah matan versi tahun 1922") |isbn=0-89005-201-8 |quote = Atheism and atheist are words formed from Greek roots and with Greek derivative endings. Nevertheless they are not Greek; their formation is not consonant with Greek usage. In Greek they said ''{{transl |grc |atheos}}'' and ''{{transl |grc |atheotēs}}''; to these the English words ungodly and ungodliness correspond rather closely. In exactly the same way as ungodly, ''{{transl |grc |atheos}}'' was used as an expression of severe censure and moral condemnation; this use is an old one, and the oldest that can be traced. Not till later do we find it employed to denote a certain philosophical creed. }}</ref>
 
''Ateisma'' panambaian diguna'akan gasan manunjuk lawan "kaparcayaan batunggal" wayah pandudian abad ka-18 di [[Irupa]], utamanya manunjuk kapada kahadaparcayaan lawan Tuhan monoteis.<ref name="adevism">In part because of its wide use in monotheistic Western society, ''atheism'' is usually described as "disbelief in God", rather than more generally as "disbelief in deities". A clear distinction is rarely drawn in modern writings between these two definitions, but some archaic uses of ''atheism'' encompassed only disbelief in the singular God, not in [[polytheism|polytheistic]] deities. It is on this basis that the obsolete term ''[[adevism]]'' was coined in the late 19th century to describe an absence of belief in plural deities. {{cite journal |author=Britannica |title=Atheonism | journal = [[Encyclopædia Britannica]] | edition = 11th Edition |year=1911}}</ref> Wayah abad ka-20, [[globalisasi]] mamparluas definisi istilah nangini hagan manunjuk kapada "kahadaparcayaan lawan samunyaan tuhan/diwa", tagal magun ai sacara umum gasan manunjuk ateisma sabagai "kahadaparcayaan lawan Tuhan (monoteis)".<ref name="martin">Martin, Michael. ''[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0521842700 The Cambridge Companion to Atheism]''. Cambridge University Press. 2006. ISBN 0-521-84270-0.</ref> Wayah dudi nangini, ta'ulih suatu gasakan di dalam galambang filosofi nang balain gasan mandéfinisiakan ba'asa ''atéisma'' sabagai "kadada kaparcayaan lawan diwa/diwi", daripada atéisma sabagai kaparcayaan nangitu sawrang. Définisi nangini wantar banar di antara komunitas atéis, tagal panggunaannya magun ai tabatas haja.<ref name="martin"/><ref>{{cite web |last=Cline |first=Austin |title=What Is the Definition of Atheism? |url=http://atheism.about.com/od/definitionofatheism/a/definition.htm |accessdate=2006-10-21 | year
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